Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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Year : 1995  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 169-172

Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis


Department of Medicine. Gastroenterology Division, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Saleh M Al Amri
Assistant Professor and Consultant Physician Division of Gastroenterology (59) P.O. Box 2925, Riyadh 11461
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 19864850

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Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is an infection of the ascitic fluid without obvious intra-abdominal source of sepsis; usually complicates advanced liver disease. The pathogenesis of the disease is multifactorial: low ascitic protein-content, which reflects defi­cient ascitic fluid complement and hence, reduced opsonic activity is thought to be the most important pathogenic factor. Frequent and prolonged bacteremia has been considered as another pertinent cause of SBP. This disease is associated with high mortality and recurrence. Therefore, orompt recognition and institution of therapy and plan of prophylaxis is vital.


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