Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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Year : 2000  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 41-46

Hepatic granulomas in an arab population: A retrospective study from a teaching hospital in Riyadh


1 Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Ibrahim A Al Mofleh
Department of Medicine (38), College of Medicine, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2925, Riyadh 11461
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 19864728

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This is a retrospective analysis of the medical records of 116 patients who presented to the gastroenterology division, department of medicine at King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH) in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and subsequently had a histopathologic diagnosis of hepatic granulomas. Infections contributed to 56% and were represented mainly by schistosomiasis and to a lesser extent by tuberculosis, brucellosis and hydatid disease. Lymphomas (8%) were the major representative of noninfectious causes. The etiology of 25% of granulomas remained undetermined. Weight loss, fever, anorexia and abdominal pain were the most frequent presenting symptoms in 53, 45, 43 and 42% of patients, respectively. Ten percent of the patients were asymptomatic. Hepatomegaly and splenomegaly were the predominant physical findings in 55% and 43% of patients respectively. Hepatic granulomas in this study are mainly caused by infections. Schistosomiasis, tuberculosis and brucellosis represented the most common etiologic factors.


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