Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 73-79

Male gender is not a risk factor for the outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A single surgeon experience

Department of Surgery, King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Abdulmohsen A Al-Mulhim
P.O. Box 1917, Al-Khobar 31952
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-3767.39622

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Background/Aim: Previous studies regarding the outcome of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in men have reported inconsistent findings. We conducted this prospective study to test the hypothesis that the outcome of LC is worse in men than women. Materials and Methods: Between 1997 and 2002, a total of 391 consecutive LCs were performed by a single surgeon at King Fahd Hospital of the University. We collected and analyzed data including age, gender, body mass index (kg/m 2 ), the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class, mode of admission (elective or emergency), indication for LC (chronic or acute cholecystitis [AC]), comorbid disease, previous abdominal surgery, conversion to open cholecystectomy, complications, operation time, and length of postoperative hospital stay. Results: Bivariate analysis showed that both genders were matched for age, ASA class and mode of admission. The incidences of AC ( P = 0.003) and comorbid disease ( P = 0.031) were significantly higher in men. Women were significantly more obese than men ( P < 0.001) and had a higher incidence of previous abdominal surgery ( P = 0.017). There were no statistical differences between genders with regard to rates of conversion ( P = 0.372) and complications ( P = 0.647) and operation time ( P = 0.063). The postoperative stay was significantly longer in men than women ( P = 0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed that male gender was not an independent predictor of conversion (Odds ratio [OR] = 0.37 and P = 0.43) or complications (OR = 0.42, P = 0.42). Linear regression analysis showed that male gender was not an independent predictor of the operation time, but was associated with a longer postoperative stay ( P = 0.02). Conclusion: Male gender is not an independent risk factor for satisfactory outcome of LC in the experience of a single surgeon.

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