Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 196-198

Squamous cell carcinoma of the rectum 21 years after radiotherapy for cervical carcinoma


1 Department of Gastroenterology, The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
2 Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA

Correspondence Address:
Anand Madan
Division of Gastroenterology, The University of Texas Health Science Center, 6431 Fannin Street, MSB 4.234, Houston, TX 77030
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1319-3767.54745

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Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the rectum is an extremely rare malignancy, accounting for 0.1-0.2% of rectal malignancies. It is associated with ulcerative colitis, prior radiation, schistosomiasis, ovarian cancer, endometrial cancer, human papilloma virus, colocutaneous fistulas and colonic duplication. Prior reported cases of SCC of the rectum have involved treatment with brachytherapy and external beam radiation. This case is particularly interesting because of the remote exposure of radiation (21 years previously) and the subsequent development of SCC of the rectum. Although extremely rare, SCC of the rectum can occur decades after radiation exposure.


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