Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 35-42

Gastric mucosal protection by aegle marmelos against gastric mucosal damage: Role of enterochromaffin cell and serotonin


1 Department of Physiology, Vyas Dental College and Hospital, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, M. B. Kedia Dental College, Birgunj, Nepal
3 Department of Neuroscience, S. N. Pradhan Centre for Neuroscience, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Purnima Singh
Department of Physiology, Vyas Dental College and Hospital, NH 65, Pali Road, Near Kudi Haud, Jodhpur, Rajasthan - 342 005
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1319-3767.151224

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Background/Aims: Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) released from enterochromaffin (EC) cells in gastric mucosa inhibits gastric acidity by increasing the gastric mucus secretion. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of aqueous extract of Aegle marmelos (AM) ripe fruit pulp (250 mg/kg body weight) on mean ulcer index (MUI), EC cells, 5-HT content, and adherent mucosal thickness of ulcerated gastric tissue in adult albino rats. Material and Methods: Ulceration was induced by using aspirin (500 mg/kg, p.o.), cerebellar nodular lesion and applying cold-restraint stress. Results: In all cases increased MUI in gastric tissue along with decreased EC cell count was observed with concomitant decrease of 5-HT content and adherent mucosal thickness (P < 0.05). Pretreatment with AM for 14 days decreased MUI, increased EC cell count, and 5-HT content as well as adherent mucosal thickness in all ulcerated group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: AM produces gastric mucosal protection mediated by increased EC cell count and 5-HT levels.


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