Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 295-299

Tenofovir in the treatment of naïve and refractory chronic Hepatitis B: A single center experience in Saudi Arabia

Department of Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Fahad Alsohaibani
Department of Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, MBC 46 P.O Box 3354, Riyadh 11211
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-3767.164189

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Background/Aims: Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is a nucleotide analog used in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection. This study evaluated the efficacy of TDF in achieving undetectable HBV DNA after 48 weeks of treatment in a Saudi cohort of CHB patients. Patients and Methods: This retrospective study included patients treated at a tertiary care center in Saudi Arabia from January 2009 to December 2012. Of the 68 eligible patients, 51 were treatment naïve and 17 were treatment-refractory. Twenty-three patients tested positive for HBeAg. The remaining 45 patients were HBeAg-negative. Results: The mean HBV DNA viral load decreased from 95 million IU/mL at baseline to 263 IU/mL after 48 weeks of treatment (P < 0.001). Overall, 62% of patients achieved a complete virological response (CVR) and 37% a partial virological response (PVR). Respective CVR and PVR rates according to subgroup were: HBeAg-positive (21.7% and 78.3%) and HBeAg-negative (84.4% and 15.6%). At 48 weeks, HBV DNA was undetectable in 66.7% of treatment-naÏve and 53% of treatment-refractory patients (P = 0.3). Seroconversion occurred in 13 (57%) of HBeAg-positive patients. Two (3%) of the HBeAg-negative patients lost HBsAg at follow up. Mean alanine aminotransferase decreased significantly from 134 U/L before treatment to 37 U/L at 48 weeks (P < 0.001). Significant adverse events were not encountered during the study period. Conclusion: Forty-eight weeks of treatment with TDF reduced HBV DNA to undetectable levels in more than half of our patients regardless of whether they were treatment-naïve or refractory. HBeAg-negative (vs positive) patients experienced a better response rate.

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