Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 281-286

Yield of p53 expression in esophageal squamous cell cancer and its relationship with survival


Department of Gastroenterology, Government Medical College and Super Speciality Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Sudhir J Gupta
Department of Gastroenterology, Government Medical College and Superspeciality Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/sjg.SJG_56_17

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Background/Aims: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the most aggressive type of cancer. Mutation of tumor suppressor gene p53 is observed in many gastrointestinal malignancies including ESCC. The immunohistochemical protein expression of mutant p53 has been proposed as a potential tool to evaluate the biological behavior of ESCC. Predictive value of p53 for survival is debatable, hence this study was formulated to know the survival of patients with p53 expression in ESCC. Patients and Methods: We prospectively included 91 consecutive patients of ESCC from August 2014 to August 2016. Biopsy specimens were treated immunohistochemically and expression of p53 gene was analyzed by Immunoreactive Score (IRS). These findings were then compared with clinicopathological parameters such as age, gender, histological grades, and TNM stages. All patients received treatment and were kept under regular follow-up. Results: M: F ratio was 2.03:1. p53 expression analyzed by IRS showed low expression (score ≤6) in 35 patients (38.46%) and high expression (>6) in 56 patients (61.54%). Level of p53 expression increased significantly with increasing histological grades of ESCC and TNM stage (P ≤ 0.001). Multivariate analysis shows p53 expression as independent predictor of survival. After 1 year of follow up, survival in the p53 high-expression group was 67.86% [standard error (SE) = 0.0473, confidence interval (CI) = 0.75–0.97) and in low p53 expression group was 91.43% (SE = 0.06, CI = 0.53–0.78) with statistically significant difference P = 0.0001 when analyzed with Kaplan–Meier method. Conclusion: Expression of p53 correlates with the survival and is a simple, effective and reproducible modality to determine the prognosis and survival in ESCC.


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