Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 220-227

Association of coagulopathy with the risk of bleeding after invasive procedures in liver cirrhosis


1 Liver Cirrhosis Study Group, Department of Gastroenterology, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Area, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China
2 Liver Cirrhosis Study Group, Department of Gastroenterology, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Area, Shenyang; Postgraduate College, Jinzhou Medical University, Jinzhou, Liaoning Province, China
3 Liver Cirrhosis Study Group, Department of Gastroenterology, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Area, Shenyang, Liaoning Province; Yuebei People's Hospital, Shaoguan, Shandong, China
4 Liver Research Unit, Medica Sur Clinic and Foundation, Mexico City, Mexico

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Xingshun Qi
Prof. Xiaozhong Guo, Department of Gastroenterology, General Hospital of Shenyang Military Area, No. 83 Wenhua Road, Shenyang - 110840
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/sjg.SJG_486_17

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Background/Aim: Bleeding risk among patients with acute or chronic liver disease after invasive procedures is a common concern in clinical practice. This retrospective study aimed to explore whether the presence of coagulopathy increased the risk of major bleeding after invasive procedures in cirrhosis. Patients and Methods: A total of 874 cirrhotic patients underwent invasive procedures. Coagulopathy was defined as international normalized ratio (INR) ≥1.5 and/or platelets (PLTs) ≤50 × 109/L. Severe thrombocytopenia was defined as PLTs ≤ 50 × 109/L. Invasive procedures, major bleeding after invasive procedures, and in-hospital deaths were recorded. Results: In all, 296 patients (33.9%) had coagulopathy. Major bleeding after invasive procedures occurred in 21 patients (2.4%). Major bleeding after invasive procedures was more frequent in patients with coagulopathy than those without coagulopathy (4.1% vs 1.6%, P = 0.023). Major bleeding after invasive procedures was more frequent in patients with severe thrombocytopenia than those without severe thrombocytopenia (4.9% vs 1.6%, P = 0.008). Incidence of major bleeding after invasive procedures was not significantly different between patients with INR ≥ 1.5 and INR < 1.5 (4.5% vs 2.0%, P = 0.065). Patients with INR ≥1.5 had a significantly higher in-hospital mortality than those with INR < 1.5 (6.4% vs 1.3%, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Severe thrombocytopenia significantly increased the risk of major bleeding after invasive procedures in cirrhosis. INR ≥ 1.5 significantly increased in-hospital mortality.


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