Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 119-125

Circular RNA ARHGAP26 is over-expressed and its downregulation inhibits cell proliferation and promotes cell apoptosis in gastric cancer cells


1 Department of Chemotherapy, Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou, China
2 School of Laboratory Medicine and Life Sciences, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China
3 Department of Endoscopy Center, Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Haijun Zhong
Department of Chemotherapy, Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, No 1, East Banshan Road, Gongshu District, Hangzhou - 310022
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/sjg.SJG_283_18

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Background/Aims: This study aimed to explore the effect of circular RNA ARHGAP26 (circ-ARHGAP26) on cell proliferation and apoptosis in gastric cancer (GC) cell lines. Materials and Methods: Human GC cell lines including HGC-27, AGS, SGC-7901, BGC-823, NCI-N87 and human normal gastric mucosal cells GSE-1 were cultured. The circ-ARHGAP26 expression was determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay. Blank inhibitor and circ-ARHGAP26 inhibitor plasmids were transfected into HGC-27 or AGS cells as NC (-) and circ-ARHGAP26(-) groups. Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and Annexin V (AV)/propidium iodide (PI) were conducted to evaluate cell proliferation and cell apoptosis, respectively. Western blot was performed to determine the expressions of apoptotic markers (C-Caspase3 and Bcl-2). Results: The circ-ARHGAP26 expression was elevated in HGC-27 (P < 0.001), AGS (P < 0.001), SGC-7901 (P < 0.01), BGC-823 (P < 0.05) and NCI-N87 (P < 0.05) GC cell lines compared to GSE-1 cells. In HGC-27 cells, CCK8 assay revealed that cell proliferation was decreased at 48 h (P < 0.05) and 72 h (P < 0.01), while AV/PI assay disclosed that cell apoptosis rate was increased at 72 h in circ-ARHGAP26 (-) group compared to NC (-) group (P < 0.01). Western blot assay also illuminated that apoptotic marker C-Caspase 3 was raised, while anti-apoptotic marker Bcl-2 was reduced at 72 h in circ-ARHGAP26 (-) group compared to NC (-) group. In addition, further validation in AGS cells also exhibited that cells proliferation was repressed, while apoptosis was enhanced in circ-ARHGAP26 (-) group compared to NC (-) group. Conclusion: The circ-ARHGAP26 is over-expressed and its downregulation inhibits cell proliferation and promotes cells apoptosis in GC cells.


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