Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 20-25

Quantitative diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging for prediction of early infection in pancreatic collections: Results of a pilot study


1 Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Basni, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Basni, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Basni, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
4 Department of General Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Basni, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
5 Department of Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Basni, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Binit Sureka
Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur - 342 005, Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/sjg.SJG_411_19

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Background/Aims: The development of infection in pancreatitis increases the mortality rate up to 32%. Therefore, it is important to identify patients who are at high risk of developing infection, at an early stage. The objectives of the study were (a) to analyze the quantitative parameters of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in infected as well as sterile pancreatic collections (b) to establish “cut-off” values for ADC that can identify infected pancreatic collections. Materials and Methods: Prospective observational study of pancreatitis cases who underwent DW-MRI from August 2018 to July 2019 were enrolled in the study. The collections were analyzed for diffusion restriction. The average of the three ADC values from the wall and center of collection was noted. Results: Infected collections were seen in 7 and sterile collections observed in 11 cases. The optimal cut-off ADC value to differentiate sterile and infected collection in our study was 1.651 × 10-3 mm2/s (sensitivity of 81.8%; specificity of 100.0%). ROC curve for mean ADC from the wall showed a significant diagnostic accuracy with AUC: 0.91; 95% CI: 0.77-1.0 (P = 0.004). Conclusion: DW-MRI is a reliable noninvasive technique to differentiate sterile and infected pancreatic collections. ADC values from the periphery of the collection can predict infected pancreatic collections at an early stage. DW-MRI should not be considered as a substitute for aspiration cytology in patients with septic symptoms and absent diffusion restriction on MRI.


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