Presence of pink-color sign within 1 min after iodine staining has high diagnostic accordance rate for esophageal high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia/invasive cancer
Jia-Yao Zheng1, Ya-Hua Chen2, Yang-Yang Chen3, Xiao-Ling Zheng3, Shi-Shun Zhong3, Wan-Yin Deng3, Jin-Hui Zheng3, Xian-Bin Guo3, Li-Ying Gao3, Wei Liang3
1 Shengli Clinical Medical College of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, China
2 Department of Gastroenterology, Affiliated Hospital of Putian University, The Affiliated Putian Hospital of Southern Medical University, Putian, Fujian, China
3 Department of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Shengli Clinical Medical College of Fujian Medical University, Fujian Provincial Hospital, Fuzhou, Fujian, China
Department of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, Shengli Clinical Medical College of Fujian Medical University, Fujian Provincial Hospital, Fuzhou, Fujian
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Background/Aim: The dramatic color change after iodine staining (from white-yellow to pink after 2–3 min), designated as the “pink-color sign” (PCS), is indicative of esophageal high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (HGIN) or an invasive lesion. However, no study has yet examined the association between the time of PCS appearance and histopathology. We investigated the association between the time of PCS appearance and esophageal histopathology in 456 lesions of 438 patients who were examined for suspected esophageal cancer.
Materials and Methods: The records of 495 consecutive patients who had suspected esophageal cancer based on gastroscopy and who underwent Lugol's chromoendoscopy from January 2015 to March 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. The time of PCS appearance was recorded in all patients, and tissue specimens were examined.
Results: We examined 456 lesions in 438 patients. Use of PCS positivity at 2 min for the diagnosis of HGIN/invasive cancer had a sensitivity of 84.1%, a specificity of 72.7%, and an accuracy of 80.4%. We classified the PCS-positive patients in whom the time of PCS appearance was recorded (168 lesions) into 4 groups: 0–30, 31–60, 61–90, and 91–120 s. Based on a 60-s time for appearance of the PCS, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.897, indicating good validity. At the optimal cutoff value of 60 s, the sensitivity was 90.2% and the specificity was 82.3%. The appearance of the PCS within 60 s had a diagnostic accordance rate of 88.6%, significantly higher than appearance of the PCS within 2 min (79.7%, P < 0.05).
Conclusion: Appearance of the PCS within 1 min after iodine staining has a higher diagnostic accordance rate for esophageal HGIN/invasive cancer than appearance of the PCS at 2 min.