Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 123--126

New mutations of EpCAM gene for tufting enteropathy in Saudi Arabia


Shaden AlMahamed, Abdelhai Hammo 
 Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Abdelhai Hammo
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Dammam - 314444
Saudi Arabia

Background/Aim: Tufting enteropathy (TE) is a rare cause of congenital intractable diarrhea in children. It often results in an irreversible intestinal failure and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) dependency; eventually, intestinal transplantation may be necessary. Data on TE from the Middle East are scarce; therefore, our aim of conducting this study was to clarify the clinical, histopathologic, and molecular features of TE in Saudi children. Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective chart review of four children with TE who presented between January 2011 and December 2013 to King Fahad Specialist Hospital-Dammam (KFSH-D). The diagnosis of TE was suspected based on characteristic histopathologic intestinal biopsy findings and confirmed by EpCAM gene testing. Results: Molecular testing identified two novel mutations in the EpCAM gene in our patients. These mutations were associated with severe phenotype of the disease characterized by very early onset (median of 2 weeks of life), TPN dependency, and death during early childhood. Two patients died due to central line-related complications. Two patients were referred for intestinal transplantation due to loss of intravenous access in one and progressive liver disease in the other. Conclusion: Mutations in EpCAM gene in Saudi children are characterized by severe phenotype and poor outcome.


How to cite this article:
AlMahamed S, Hammo A. New mutations of EpCAM gene for tufting enteropathy in Saudi Arabia.Saudi J Gastroenterol 2017;23:123-126


How to cite this URL:
AlMahamed S, Hammo A. New mutations of EpCAM gene for tufting enteropathy in Saudi Arabia. Saudi J Gastroenterol [serial online] 2017 [cited 2020 Sep 30 ];23:123-126
Available from: http://www.saudijgastro.com/article.asp?issn=1319-3767;year=2017;volume=23;issue=2;spage=123;epage=126;aulast=AlMahamed;type=0