Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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Year : 1995  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 173-179


Department of Medicine, Gastroenterology Division, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Ibrahim A Al Mofleh
Division of Gastroenterology (59) P.O. Box 2925 Riyadh 11461
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 19864851

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Gallstone prevalence is correlated with geographical and ethnic variations. It is more preva­lent in Western communities. There are evidences for a high prevalence in Saudi Arabia. According to their chemical constitutes, stones are classified into cholesterol, mixed and pig­ment stones. Three main factors, saturation, gallbladder function and nucleation defect are implemented in the pathogenesis of stone formation. Majority of gallstones patients are asymptomatic. Dyspeptic symptoms are not specific. Ultrasonography has become the method of choice for screening and diagnosis of gallstones. Cholecystoscintigraphy is accu­rate in the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis, biliary obstruction and bile leak. Treatment of gallstones will be discussed in the following issue.

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