Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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Year : 1997  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 41-45

Necrotizing enterocolitis, surgical experience

1 Department of Surgery, Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Pediatrics, Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Mohammad M Saleem
Security Forces Hospital, P.O. Box 3643, Riyadh 11481
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 19864812

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Between January 1988 and December 1994, 29 cases of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) required surgical management. There were 15 males and 14 females. The gestational age range was 24-38, average 32.7 weeks and body weight range was 565-4500 grams, average 1,680 grams. Necrotizing enterocolitis developed within two weeks of age in 55% of the cases, between two and four weeks in 34% and beyond four weeks in four cases (14%). Pneumoperitoneum was the commonest indication for surgery (55%) of cases, followed by failure of response to medical treatment. The commonest surgical procedure was resection of the gangrenous bowel with creation of an enterostomy for the segmental disease in 15 cases (50%) and resection with primary anastomosis in six cases (20%). Four cases (14%) had NEC totalis for which drainage alone was done, and two cases had external drainage alone. Survival rate was 72%.

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