Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 145-148

A new candidate as a hemostatic agent for difficult situations during variceal bleeding: Ankaferd blood stopper


1 Department of Gastroenterology, Numune Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
2 Department of Hematology, Hacettepe Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Ersan Ozaslan
Cukurambar Mah. 40. Cad. 5/13, Cankaya, Ankara
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1319-3767.77248

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Variceal bleeding is the most challenging emergent situation among the causes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Despite substantial improvement, a need remains for therapeutic armamentarium of such cases, which is easy, effective and without side-effect. Ankaferd blood stopper (ABS) is a standardized herbal extract acting as a hemostatic agent on the bleeding or injured areas. In this observational study, a total of four patients with variceal bleeding were treated with endoscopic ABS application. The lesions were bleeding gastric varices (n:3) and bleeding duodenal varix (n:1). ABS was selected as a bridge to definitive therapies due to unavailability or inappropriateness of bleeding lesions to conventional measures. ABS was instilled or flushed onto the bleeding areas by sclerotherotherapy needle or heater probe catheter. Periprocedural control of the bleeding was achieved in all instances. Thereafter, on an elective basis, two patients with gastric varices underwent cyanoacrylate injection, while third underwent Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt and embolization. The patient with duodenal varix refused further therapy, after a few hours after admission and was discharged. He again presented the same day with rebleeding, but died before any attempt could be made to control his bleeding. ABS seems to be effective in cases of variceal bleeding as a bridge to therapy. Its major advantages are the ease of use and lack of side-effects.


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