Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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Table of Contents   
LETTER TO EDITOR  
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 74
Correlation between hepatitis B surface antigen titers and HBV DNA levels: What about the parameters affecting this correlation?


1 Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, GATA Haydarpasa Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Department of Gatroenterology, GATA Haydarpasa Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

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Date of Web Publication4-Feb-2014
 

How to cite this article:
Karagoz E, Tanoglu A, Turhan V. Correlation between hepatitis B surface antigen titers and HBV DNA levels: What about the parameters affecting this correlation?. Saudi J Gastroenterol 2014;20:74

How to cite this URL:
Karagoz E, Tanoglu A, Turhan V. Correlation between hepatitis B surface antigen titers and HBV DNA levels: What about the parameters affecting this correlation?. Saudi J Gastroenterol [serial online] 2014 [cited 2020 Dec 5];20:74. Available from: https://www.saudijgastro.com/text.asp?2014/20/1/74/126327


Sir,

We read the article entitled "Correlation between hepatitis B surface antigen titers and HBV DNA levels" by Alghamdi et al. [1] with interest. The authors concluded that serum HBsAg titers may correlate with HBV DNA in treatment-naοve HBeAg-negative and HBV genotype D patients. Quantitation of HBsAg titer is cheaper than HBV DNA test. Easy availability and inexpensiveness of this parameter may encourage its utilization in clinical practice in the near future. We would like to thank the authors for their contribution.

Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is known to be the leading cause of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the world. Anti-viral therapy may reduce viral replication. It also leads to biochemical remission, improvement of liver histopathology and reduction of cirrhosis and HCC occurrence. [2] Seroconversion of hepatitis envelope and surface antigen and HBV DNA levels are the tools commonly applied for monitoring the disease and predicting the treatment response. [3]

Recent reports have demonstrated that there is a significant correlation between HBsAg titers and intrahepatic HBV DNA and covalently closed circular DNA (ccc DNA) of HBV. [4] This relationship helps the clinician to screen the natural history of HBV infection and predict treatment response in CHB patients. [5]

To our knowledge, clinical factors such as age and liver fibrosis are also important parameters in evaluating CHB patients. [5] In our clinical practice, despite low HBsAg titers and HBV DNA levels, liver fibrosis score levels are found to be higher especially in elderly patients. In this context, it would have been better if the authors [1] had compared HBsAg titers according to these parameters.

Antiviral therapy may alter HBsAg titers in patients with CHB. [6] So it would have been useful if this patient group was compared with the CHB patients receiving antiviral therapy. Like HBV DNA levels, HBsAg titers may vary in terms of four phases of HBV infection. [7] In this view, it would also be relevant, if the authors [1] evaluate the patient group according to the different phases of HBV infection. In addition, the relationship between HBsAg and HBV DNA in the four phases varies according to the genotype. [5] Therefore, the authors could have compared these patients with other patient groups according to the different genotypes of HBV.

We believe that the findings of Alghamdi et al. [1] will lead to further research regarding the association between HBsAg titers and HBV DNA levels. It is important that HBsAg titers be considered along with other independent variables (e.g. age, liver fibrosis) to provide the required information.

 
   References Top

1.Alghamdi A, Aref N, El-Hazmi M, Al-Hamoudi W, Alswat K, Helmy A, et al. Correlation between Hepatitis B surface antigen titers and HBV DNA levels. Saudi J Gastroenterol 2013;19:252-7.  Back to cited text no. 1
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2.Sung JJ, Tsoi KK, Wong VW, Li KC, Chan HL.Meta-analysis: Treatment of hepatitis B infection reduces risk of hepatocellular carcinoma. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2008;28:1067-77.  Back to cited text no. 2
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3.European Association For The Study Of The Liver. EASL Clinical Practice Guidelines: management of chronic hepatitis B. J Hepatol 2009;50:227-42.  Back to cited text no. 3
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4.Wursthorn K, Lutgehetmann M, Dandri M, Volz T, Buggisch P, Zollner B, et al. Peginterferon alpha-2b plus adefovir induce strong cccDNA decline and HBsAg reduction in patients with chronic hepatitis B. Hepatology 2006;44:675-84.  Back to cited text no. 4
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5.Suh SJ, Bae SI, Kim JH, Kang K, Yeon JE, Byun KS. Clinical implications of the titer of serum hepatitis B surface antigen during the natural history of hepatitis B virus infection. J Med Virol 2014;86:117-23.  Back to cited text no. 5
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6.Chen EQ, Wang TT, Bai L, Tao CM, Liang T, Liu C, et al. Quantitative hepatitis B surface antigen titres in Chinese chronic hepatitis B patients over 4 years of entecavir treatment. Antivir Ther. 2013 May 2. doi: 10.3851/IMP2579. [Epub ahead of print].  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.Antaki N, Zeidane N, Alhaj N, Hadad M, Baroudi O, Antaki F, et al. HBsAg titers in the different phases of hepatitis B infection in Syrian patients. J Clin Virol 2012;53:60-4.  Back to cited text no. 7
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Correspondence Address:
Alpaslan Tanoglu
Department of Gatroenterology, GATA Haydarpasa Training Hospital, Istanbul
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1319-3767.126327

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