Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 108-112

TNF-alpha gene polymorphisms in Iranian Azari Turkish patients with inflammatory bowel diseases

1 Liver and Gastrointestinal Disease Research Centre of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Genetics, Center of Excellence for Biodiversity, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mortaza Bonyadi
Center of Excellence for Biodiversity, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz
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Source of Support: This study was supported by the Centre of Liver and Gastrointestinal Disease Research Centre, University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran., Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-3767.129475

Clinical trial registration 5/4/9469

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Context: Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are chronic inflammatory diseases of the bowel (IBD) whose causes are not fully known. Emerging data indicate that alterations in cytokine synthesis may play a role in IBD pathogenesis. Aims: We aimed to determine the association between tumor necrosis factor-alfa (TNFα) promoter polymorphisms (at positions − 308 and − 1031) and susceptibility to IBD among Iranian Azari Turkish patients. Settings and Design: One hundred and one patients with IBD and 100 healthy subjects were analyzed. Materials and Methods: Both polymorphisms in the promoter region of the TNFα gene at positions -1031T/C and -308G/A were detected by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay. All statistical analyses were calculated with SPSS for Windows 16.0. The Fisher's exact test was used to test for departure from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium of the genotype frequencies (P > 0.05). Results: The allele frequency of the TNFα-308G and -1031T were higher in IBD patients but did not reach statistical significance. However, the homozygous TT genotype for the SNP-1031 T > C was significantly higher in UC patients than in healthy controls (P = 0.01) and the heterozygous CT genotype for the SNP -1031 T > C was significantly lower in UC patients than in healthy controls (P = 0.03). Conclusions: The TNFα-1031 T allele confers a significant risk for developing UC in Iranian Azeri Turkish patients. Also the frequency of TNFα-1031 C allele was considerably low among patients with UC and it may have protective role among them (OR = 0.43; P = 0.01).

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