Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 203-207

Outcome of acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with coronary artery disease: A matched case–control study

1 Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Thai Red Cross Society, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Division of Gastroenterology, Sawanpracharak Hospital, Nakhon Sawan, Thailand
3 Division of Gastroenterology, Surin Hospital, Surin, Thailand
4 Division of Gastroenterology, HRH Princess MahaChakriSirindhorn Medical Center-MSMC Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand
5 Division of Gastroenterology, Maharat Nakhon Ratchasima Hospital, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand
6 Division of Gastroenterology, Maharaj Nakhonsithammarat Hospital, Nakhonsithammarat, Thailand, Tailand
7 Division of Gastroenterology, Chonburi Hospital, Chonburi, Thailand
8 Division of Gastroenterology, Bangkok Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand
9 Department of Surgery, Rajavithi Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand
10 Division of Gastroenterology, Rajavithi Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand
11 Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University Hospital, Pathum Thani, Bangkok, Thailand
12 Division of Gastroenterology, Bangkok Metropolitan Administration General Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand

Correspondence Address:
Sombat Treeprasertsuk
Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Thai Red Cross Society, Rama 4 Road, Pathumwan District, Bangkok - 10330
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-3767.182452

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Background/Aim: The risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) increases in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) due to the frequent use of antiplatelets. There is some data reporting on treatment outcomes in CAD patients presenting with UGIB. We aim to determine the clinical characteristics and outcomes of UGIB in patients with CAD, compared with non-CAD patients. Patients and Methods: We conducted a prospective multi-center cohort study (THAI UGIB-2010) that enrolled 981 consecutive hospitalized patients with acute UGIB. A matched case–control analysis using this database, which was collected from 11 tertiary referral hospitals in Thailand between January 2010 and September 2011, was performed. Result: Of 981 hospitalized patients with UGIB, there were 61 CAD patients and 244 gender-matched non-CAD patients (ratio 1:4). UGIB patients with CAD were significantly older, and had more frequently used antiplatelets and warfarin than in non-CAD patients. Compared with non-CAD, the CAD patients had significantly higher Glasgow–Blatchford score, full and pre-endoscopic Rockall score and full. Peptic ulcer in CAD patients was identified more often than in non-CAD patients. UGIB patients with CAD and non-CAD had similar outcomes with regard to mortality rate, re-bleeding, surgery, embolization, and packed erythrocyte transfusion. However, CAD patients had longer duration of hospital stays than non-CAD patients. Two CAD patients died from cardiac arrest after endoscopy, whereas three non-CAD patients died from pneumonia and acute renal failure during their hospitalization. Conclusion: In Thailand, patients presenting with UGIB, concomitant CAD did not affect clinical outcome of treatment, compared with non-CAD patients, except for longer hospital stay.

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