Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 448-455

Deoxyschizandrin suppresses dss-induced ulcerative colitis in mice

Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun Jingyue Street, Boshuo Road 1035, Changchun, Jilin, China

Correspondence Address:
Ming-hua Duan
Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun Jingyue Street, Boshuo Road
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-3767.195552

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Background/Aims: Deoxyschizandrin as one of the most important component of Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill plays an immunomodulatory role in a variety of diseases, yet its role in ulcerative colitis remains to be elucidated. We aimed to investigate the role of deoxyschizandrin in DSS-induced ulcerative colitis in mice. Patients and Methods: In the present study, an inflammation model of cells was constructed to confirm the anti-inflammatory effect of deoxyschizandrin. Then a mouse model with Dextran sulfate sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis was constructed, and the effects of deoxyschizandrin on mouse colon inflammation, apoptosis, and CD4 T lymphocyte infiltration in ulcerative colitis were examined. Result: Deoxyschizandrin could improve the symptoms of ulcerative colitis, determined by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and histopathological scores. Moreover, deoxyschizandrin reduced the levels of inflammatory cytokines, suppressed CD4 T cell infiltration, and effectively inhibited apoptosis in the colon of DSS-induced ulcerative colitis mice. Conclusion: In summary, deoxyschizandrin can effectively rescue the symptoms of DSS-induced ulcerative colitis in mice by inhibiting inflammation. T cell infiltration and apoptosis in the colon, suggesting that deoxyschizandrin could be a potential drug in treating ulcerative colitis.

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