Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 97-104

The efficacy of the application of the curative criteria of the 5rd edition Japanese gastric cancer treatment guidelines for early adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction treated by endoscopic submucosal dissection


Department of Endoscopy, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Guiqi Wang
Department of Endoscopy, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100021
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/sjg.SJG_403_20

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Background: The curative criteria after endoscopic submucosal dissection for early gastric carcinoma were updated by the Japanese Gastric Cancer Association. No study has shown promising results with endoscopic submucosal dissection for early adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction based on the new curative criteria. The purpose of this study was to validate clinical efficacy of the application of the curative criteria of the 5th edition Japanese gastric cancer treatment guidelines for early adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction after endoscopic submucosal dissection. Methods: Patients who underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection for Siewert type II adenocarcinoma between January 2013 and June 2018 were eligible for this study. Clinical and pathological features and treatment outcomes were retrospectively reviewed using medical records. Results: The success rate for en-bloc resection was 97.2% (172/177) and the curative resection rate was 71.2% (126/177). Additional endoscopic submucosal dissection or radical surgery was conducted in 10 patients (5.6%) who did not fulfil the curative resection criteria, while one patient with curative resection remedied with endoscopic submucosal dissection because of recurrence. According to eCura scoring system, 94 patients (53.1%) were categorized into eCura A, 34 patients (19.2%) into eCura B, 11 patients (6.2%) into eCura C-1, and 38 patients (21.5%) into eCura C-2. Five patients categorized as eCura C-2 underwent radical surgery, two of whom have lymph node metastasis. Conclusions: Endoscopic submucosal dissection for early adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction that met the expanded criteria of the 5th edition Japanese gastric cancer treatment guidelines were acceptable and should be the standard treatment instead of surgical resection.


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